The ceramic has very ancient origins and a very long history.
The word “ceramic” comes from the Greek “kéramos” which means “potter’s land”. It is a compound material inorganic, non-metallic, very ductile in its natural state and rigid after the cooking phase.
At the beginning man has used ceramic for produce utensils and small stuffs.
The first artifacts belong to the Neolithic: raw crockery cooked directly on the fire and shaped by hand. Subsequently the art saw the introduction of the lathe and other techniques of working and cooking, which allowed to obtain more refined and robust objects.
In the late Middle Ages ceramics were made with a lathe, baked in the oven and waterproofed with a vitreous paint, but after the 13th century other more sophisticated colors and decorations were introduced. The industrialization processes of the late nineteenth century gave a new impetus to the processing and development of new techniques, making it possible to considerably increase the productivity of work processes and reduce costs. The second half of the twentieth century sees the introduction of other substantial improvements this sector has a huge development.
- Ceramic coatings are beautiful, you can choose from a thousand and thousand of different colors and style;
- Designed to last unaltered over time, when properly installed and maintained, your ceramic has an expected lifecycle of 40 years;
- The maintenance is minimal, there is no need to use chemicals, solvents or other toxic cleaning for clean the surface;
- It has no emission of Nonvolatile Components (COV) and Radon gas.
- Is one of the safest materials in case of fire, doesn’t nourish the flames and doesn’t emit smoke or toxic substances during the combustion.
- Slip resistance which is an essential requirement in the civil and industrial buildings. If dry and clean, ceramic tiles ensure an excellent level of anti-slip. This is so important characteristic cause because it involves on the people’s safety.The legislation distinguishes the slipperiness of the walkable surfaces for the area where you walk with shod feet (R9-R13), and for the trampled ones with bare feet (A, B, C) The most commonly understood method of testing the slip resistance of a tile is the ramp test called DIN51130, which generates an R-Value ranging from R9 – R13.
Slip resistance Classification Ramp Inclination Typical applications R9 < 9 º Low risk internal applications R10 10 º to 19 º Toilet and bathroom areas R11 20 º to 27 º Cold stores, dish washing areas R12 28 º to 35 º Large commercial kitchen, parking R13 Over 35 º High risk of slip, industrial surfaces
For environments with water, where walking with bare feet, the floor must respond with even more restrictive performance. These are classified in the assessment groups A, B, C according to an increasing value:
A: changing rooms; access areas with bare feet; etc.
B: showers; pool edges; etc.
C: edges of sloping pools; immersed stairs; etc.
- Abrasion resistance is the capacity of the surface to resist. The wear action is strictly linked to the material carried out on the surface.
The PEI test measure it and have five different categories:
- PEI I – Light Traffic
Tiles in this group are usually used for residential bathroom flooring and walls.
- PEI II – Moderate Traffic
Tiles in this group can be used on residential interior floors but should not be used in areas such as kitchens, entry ways and stairs that are subject to tracked in or spilled abrasives.
- PEI III – Moderate to Heavy Traffic
These tiles can be used for any residential or light commercial application. The only place that they are not recommended is heavy commercial areas, like banks and restaurants.
- PEI IV – Heavy Traffic
Tiles in this group can be used for residential and nearly all commercial applications. These tiles are durable enough to be used in such heavy traffic areas as shopping, etc.
- PEI V – Ultra Heavy Traffic
Those tiles are the most durable and can be used for all residential, commercial, and even industrial applications where extreme durability is a must.
- PEI I – Light Traffic
- Impermeability, is the percentage that express the ability to absorb water and depends, in large part on the porosity of the dough.
There are low, medium and high absorption tiles.
- Ceramic is hygienic in comparison to every other product, don’t keep bacteria.
- It’s 100% recyclable. That’s one of the most important characteristic.
Every tile we install have to fill all the quality standards.
Do you need any other reason to choose ceramic tiles for your coating?